Think for a moment of Wi-Fi connected devices: laptops, cell phones, tablets, and smartwatches. Now consider the data stored on that device. Credit card numbers, bank documents, login credentials, and other personal and personal information could be present and potentially accessible to hackers if the network is compromised.
Home network hacking is common. In fact, cybercrime caused more than $ 6.9 billion in losses in 2021, and while phishing and spear phishing contributed to the loss, personal data breaches were also a major factor. A secure home network helps reduce the risk of being hacked or having someone access your sensitive information. It also prohibits unwanted or unauthorized users and devices that slow down your connection or free downloads of paid Internet services.
Creating and maintaining a secure home Wi-Fi network is very simple. Here are 10 tips for securing your network. Some are more effective than others at blocking hackers and freelancers, but all are useful in their own way. While nothing can guarantee absolute safety from hacking attempts, these tips will certainly make it harder for someone to hack into your network and data.
How to secure your home Wi-Fi
1. Place the router in a central location.
2. Create a strong Wi-Fi password and change it often.
3. Change the router’s default login credentials
4. Enable the firewall and Wi-Fi encryption
5. Create a guest network
6. Use a VPN
7. Keep your router and devices up to date
8. Disable remote access to the router
9. Check the connected devices
10. Upgrade to the WPA3 router
Put your router in a central location.
Strong network security starts with smart setup. If possible, place the router in the center of your home. Routers broadcast wireless signals in all directions, so strategically placing the router in a central location will help connect it to the perimeter of your home. As a bonus, we can even offer you the best connection quality.
For example, if your neighbor has internet in an apartment just to the left and right, placing the router near a shared wall can send out a strong and attractive signal. Even if you are not in an apartment, a good router can send signals to or across the street. Placing the router in a central location will help reduce the distance these signals travel outside the home.
Create a strong Wi-Fi password and change it frequently.
This is obvious, but I will cover it here to emphasize its importance. It is important to create a unique password for the Wi-Fi network to maintain a secure connection. Don’t use passwords or easy-to-guess phrases, such as a person’s name, date of birth, phone number, or other general information. A simple Wi-Fi password is easier to remember and easier for others to crack.
Change your password every six months or so or whenever you think your network’s security has been compromised.
Change the router’s default login credentials
Along the same lines as password protection for Wi-Fi, you’ll want to prevent someone from directly accessing your router’s settings. To do this, change the administrator name and password of the router. You can access your router’s settings by entering your IP address in the URL bar, but most routers and providers have apps that allow you to access the same settings and information.
The router login credentials are separate from the Wi-Fi name and password. If you are unsure of the default settings, you can find them at the bottom of the router. Alternatively, here’s how to go into your router’s settings and update your username and password if they’ve been changed from the default settings along the way.
Turn on firewall and Wi-Fi encryption
Most routers have a firewall to prevent external hacking and Wi-Fi encryption to prevent someone from intercepting the data sent and received between the router and connected devices. Both are usually enabled by default, but it’s a good idea to make sure they work.
Now that you know how to access the router settings, make sure that the firewall and Wi-Fi encryption are enabled. If your business goes into crisis for any reason, keep it up. The security of your network will be checked.
Create a Wi-Fi network for guests
“Can you tell me your Wi-Fi password? “is definitely something every host has heard of. Before sharing access to your default home network, consider creating a separate guest network for your visitors. We do not suggest guests to attempt any malicious activity using the default Wi-Fi connection. However, anything you download while connected to a guest’s device or network can unknowingly be infected with network-targeted malware or viruses.
Guest networks are also ideal for IoT devices such as Wi-Fi cameras, thermostats, and smart speakers.
Use a VPN
There are several reasons to use a good VPN, and network security is one of them. Most importantly, a VPN hides your IP address and Wi-Fi activity, including your browsing history.
A VPN can be very useful when connected to a public network, but it can still add a layer of security and privacy to your home network. Some VPNs are better than others, but like others, you often pay for them. You can use a free VPN service, but for a small additional cost (seriously, a few dollars a month) you can get a better and more secure service.
Keep your router and devices up to date
Software updates always seem to pop up when you need to connect to the internet more often. It can be annoying, but it serves a purpose and often includes security updates. When companies become aware of potential or exposed security vulnerabilities, they release updates and patches to reduce or eliminate the risk. You want to download it.
Keeping your router and connected devices up to date offers the best protection against known malware and hacking attempts. If applicable, set the router to automatically update in the administrator settings and check periodically to make sure the router is up to date.
Disable remote access to the router
Remote access to the router allows anyone who is not directly connected to a Wi-Fi network to access the settings of the router. There is no reason to enable remote access unless, for example, your child does not need to log into the router when they are away from home to view or change the settings of connected devices.
You can disable remote access in your router ‘s administration settings. Unlike other security measures, remote router access disabled may not be the default.
Check connected devices
Frequently check the devices connected to your network and see which ones they are. If in doubt, disconnect and change the Wi-Fi password. After changing the password, all previously connected devices should reconnect, but users or devices without network access will be started.
Some devices, particularly those less well known in the Internet of Things, may have individual default names for random numbers and letters that are not immediately recognizable. If you find something like this when checking connected devices, go ahead and disconnect them. You’ll find out what it is later when you can’t get the robot vacuum to work on your phone.
Upgrade to the WPA3 router
WPA3 is the ultimate security protocol for routers. All new routers require WPA3 to be enabled, so if you buy a new router, don’t worry. However, many people rent routers directly from suppliers who may not include the latest equipment.
If your router was manufactured before 2018, you may have WPA2 devices that don’t have the same level of security protocols as newer WPA3 devices. A quick search for your device model will tell you when the model is listed and certain features, such as whether it has WPA2 or WPA3. If you have a WPA2 compatible router, contact your provider to negotiate a newer and better router.
Network security is not guaranteed
Again, even with the newest and most effective way to protect your home network, your security isn’t 100% secure. As long as the internet exists, hackers and cybercriminals will find ways to exploit it. However, we hope the tips above will help keep your network safer than anyone else trying to use your connection or access your data.
Article Source : https://www.cnet.com/home/internet/how-to-secure-your-home-wi-fi-network/